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How to Create Animated Snowfall on a Website with CSS and JavaScript

December 06, 2023
How to Create Animated Snowfall on a Website with CSS and JavaScript

Winter is a magical season, and adding a touch of snowfall to your website can create a delightful and festive atmosphere. In this tutorial, we’ll explore how to bring the charm of animated snowfall to your web pages using a combination of CSS and JavaScript.

Setting the stage

Before we dive into the code, make sure you have a container element in your HTML where the snowflakes will fall. Give it a unique identifier; for example, we’ll use “snow-container“.

<div id="snow-container"></div>

The JavaScript magic

Let’s start by writing the JavaScript code that will dynamically generate and animate the snowflakes. This code creates a function to generate random styles for the snowflakes and another function to handle their creation and removal.

const snowContainer = document.getElementById("snow-container");
const snowContent = ['&#10052', '&#10053', '&#10054', '&#10051', '&#10048']

const random = (num) => {
  return Math.floor(Math.random() * num);
}

const getRandomStyles = () => {
    const top = random(100);
    const left = random(100);
    const dur = random(10) + 10;
    const size = random(10) + 25;

    return `
        top: -${top}%;
        left: ${left}%;
        font-size: ${size}px;
        animation-duration: ${dur}s;
    `;
}

const createSnow = (num) => {
    for(let i = num; i > 0; i--) {
        const snow = document.createElement("div");

        snow.className = "snow snow-" + i;
        snow.style.cssText = getRandomStyles();
        snow.innerHTML = snowContent[random(5)]
        snowContainer.append(snow);
    }
}

const removeSnow = () => {
    snowContainer.style.opacity = "0";

    setTimeout(() => {
        snowContainer.remove()
    }, 500)
}

if( snowContainer ){ 
    window.addEventListener("load", () => {
        createSnow(50)
        setTimeout(removeSnow, (2000 * 60))
    });

    window.addEventListener("click", () => {
        removeSnow();
    });
}

Styling with CSS

Now, let’s add some CSS to make the snowflakes visually appealing and enable smooth animations. Create a style block or link to an external stylesheet in your HTML file.

#snow-container {  
    height: 100%;
    overflow: hidden;
    position: absolute;
    top: 0;
    transition: opacity 500ms;
    width: 100%;
}
  
.snow {
    animation: fall ease-in infinite, sway ease-in-out infinite;
    color: #fff;
    position: absolute;
}

@for $i from 1 through 50 {
    @if ( 2*$i + 4 ) < 50 {
        .snow-#{2*$i + 3} {
            color: #87ceeb;
        }
    }
}

@for $i from 1 through 50 {
    @if ( 2*$i + 4 ) < 50 {
        .snow-#{2*$i + 5} {
            color: #00b3ff;
        }
    }
}

@keyframes fall {
    0% {
      opacity: 0;
    }
    50% {
      opacity: 1;
    }
    100% {
      top: 100vh;
      opacity: 1;
    }
}
  
@keyframes sway {
    0% {
      margin-left: 0;
    }
    25% {
      margin-left: 50px;
    }
    50% {
      margin-left: -50px;
    }
    75% {
      margin-left: 50px;
    }
    100% {
      margin-left: 0;
    }
}

With these simple steps, you can add a touch of winter magic to your website. Experiment with different styles, timings, and snowflake characters to create a snowfall effect that suits your site’s theme. Happy coding and enjoy the winter vibes on your web pages.

See the Pen How to Create Animated Snowfall on a Website with CSS and JavaScript by Projects Engine (@projectsengine) on CodePen.

Now that you have the JavaScript and CSS code, simply include them in your HTML file.

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